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1999 United States Code Title 8 – ALIENS AND NATIONALITY CHAPTER 12 – NATIONALITY and IMMIGRATION SUBCHAPTER II – IMMIGRATION Component IX – Miscellaneous Sec. 1375 – Mail-order


1999 United States Code Title 8 – ALIENS AND NATIONALITY CHAPTER 12 – NATIONALITY and IMMIGRATION SUBCHAPTER II – IMMIGRATION Component IX – Miscellaneous Sec. 1375 – Mail-order

Publication Title united states of america Code, 1994 Edition, Supplement 5, Title 8 – ALIENS AND NATIONALITY
Category Bills and Statutes
Collection United States Code
SuDoc Class Number Y 1.2/5:
included Within Title 8 – ALIENS AND NATIONALITYCHAPTER 12 – NATIONALITYSUBCHAPTER and IMMIGRATION II – IMMIGRATIONPart IX – MiscellaneousSec. 1375 – Mail-order bride company
Contains part 1375
Date 1999
Laws in place as of Date 23, 2000
Positive Law No
Disposition standard
Source Credit Pub january. L. 104-208, div. C, title VI, §652, Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-712.
Statutes most importantly References 100 Stat. 3537108 Stat. 1902110 Stat. 3009-712
Public Law References Public Law 99-639, Public Law 103-322, Public Law 104-208

§1375. Mail-order bride company

(a) Findings

The Congress finds the following:

(1) there was an amazing “mail-order bride” company in the usa. An estimated 2,000 to 3,500 men in the United States find wives through mail-order bride catalogs each year with approximately 200 companies in the United States. However, there are not any formal data available from the wide range of mail-order brides going into the usa each year.

(2) The organizations involved with the bride that is mail-order make significant earnings.

(3) although a lot of among these mail-order marriages exercise, in lots of other situations, anecdotal proof shows that mail-order brides are in abusive relationships. Additionally there is proof to claim that a substantial wide range of mail-order marriages are fraudulent under united states of america law.

(4) numerous mail-order brides come in to the united states of america unaware or ignorant of usa immigration law. Mail-order brides that are battered frequently genuinely believe that when they flee an abusive marriage, they’ll certainly be deported. Usually the resident partner threatens to possess them deported if the abuse is reported by them.

(5) The Immigration and Naturalization Service estimates that the price of marriage fraudulence between foreign nationals and usa citizens or aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence is 8 %. Its not clear just what portion of those wedding fraudulence situations originate as mail-order marriages.

(b) Information dissemination

(1) Requirement

Each matchmaking that is international conducting business in the usa shall disseminate to recruits, upon recruitment, such immigration and naturalization information once the Immigration and Naturalization provider deems appropriate, within the recruit’s indigenous language, inspect site including details about conditional permanent residence status as well as the battered spouse waiver under such status, permanent resident status, wedding fraudulence charges, the unregulated nature regarding the company involved with by such businesses, plus the research needed under subsection (c) of the area.

(2) Civil penalty

(A) Breach

Any worldwide matchmaking company that the Attorney General determines has violated this subsection will probably be topic, as well as other charges that could be recommended for legal reasons, to a civil cash penalty of no more than ,000 for every violation that is such.

(B) Procedures for imposition of penalty

Any penalty under subparagraph (A) might be imposed just after notice and possibility for a company hearing in the record relative to parts 554 through 557 of name 5.

The Attorney General, in assessment with all the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization therefore the Director associated with Violence Against Women Initiative associated with the Department of Justice, shall conduct research of mail-order marriages to ascertain, among other activities—

(1) how many such marriages;

(2) the degree of wedding fraudulence this kind of marriages, including an estimate regarding the degree of wedding fraudulence due to the solutions supplied by worldwide matchmaking businesses;

(3) the level to which mail-order partners utilize part 1254a(a)(3) 1 with this name (supplying for suspension system of deportation in a few situations involving punishment), or section 1154(a)(1)(A)(iii) for this name (supplying for many aliens who’ve been mistreated to register a category petition by themselves behalf);

(4) the level of domestic punishment in mail-order marriages; and

(5) the necessity for continued or expanded legislation and training to implement the goals associated with the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 and also the Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986 with regards to mail-order marriages.

maybe perhaps Not later on than 1 after September 30, 1996, the Attorney General shall submit a report to the Committees on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and of the Senate setting forth the results of the study conducted under subsection (c) of this section year.

( ag ag e) Definitions

As found in this area:

(1) International organization that is matchmaking

(A) as a whole

The definition of matchmaking that is“international” means an organization, partnership, company, or other appropriate entity, whether or otherwise not arranged underneath the rules associated with the usa or any State, that does business in the usa as well as for revenue provides to united states of america citizens or aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence, dating, matrimonial, or social recommendation solutions to nonresident noncitizens, by—

(i) a trade of names, phone figures, addresses, or data;

(ii) choice of photographs; or

(iii) a social environment supplied by the corporation in a nation except that the usa.

(B) Exclusion

Such term doesn’t consist of a matchmaking that is traditional of the spiritual nature that otherwise runs in conformity because of the rules regarding the nations regarding the recruits of these company and also the regulations of this united states of america.

The word “recruit” means a noncitizen, nonresident individual, recruited by the worldwide matchmaking organization for the true purpose of providing dating, matrimonial, or social recommendation services to united states of america citizens or aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence.

Recommendations in Text

The Violence Against Women Act of 1994, known in subsec. (c)(5), is name IV of Pub. L. 103–322, Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 1902. For complete category with this Act towards the Code, see brief Title note put down under area 13701 of Title 42, people Health and Welfare, and Tables.

The Immigration Marriage Fraud Amendments of 1986, known in subsec. (c)(5), is Pub. L. 99–639, Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat. 3537. For complete category for this Act towards the Code, see Short Title of 1986 Amendments note put down under part 1101 with this title and Tables.


Part ended up being enacted included in the prohibited Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996, and in addition within the Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997, rather than included in the Immigration and Nationality Act which comprises this chapter.

1 therefore in initial. Most likely ought to be part “1229b(b)(2)”.

Disclaimer: These codes might not be probably the most version that is recent. The usa Government Printing workplace may have significantly more present or information that is accurate. We make no warranties or guarantees in regards to the precision, completeness, or adequacy regarding the given information included on this site or the information and knowledge associated with on the United States web site. Please check always sources that are official.

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